Periodontal (gum) disease is an infection that results from bacterial plaque. It is a thin, sticky layer of microorganisms (called a biofilm) that collects at the gum line. It results from an absence of effective daily oral hygiene. Left for long periods of time, plaque causes inflammation that gradually separates the gums from the teeth. Ultimately, this forms little spaces known as “periodontal pockets.” The pockets offer shelter for the disease-causing (pathogenic) bacteria to reproduce. If left untreated, the infection can spread from the gum tissues to the bone. When this occurs, teeth may loosen and fall out.
We recommend treating gum disease with a non-surgical approach consisting of one or more of the following:(281) 852-2288
Our goal is to treat gum disease by ridding the teeth and gums of pathogenic bacteria and the toxins they produce. This helps break the bacteria’s bond to the root surface of the teeth. This deep-cleaning procedure is known as scaling and root planning (or root debridement). Scaling removes plaque and hard deposits, such as calculus or tartar, from the surface of the teeth. It targets above and below the gum line. Root planing is the smoothing of the tooth-root surfaces, making it difficult for bacteria to adhere to.
As gum disease progresses, periodontal pockets and bone loss result in the formation of tiny, hard to reach areas difficult to clean with handheld instruments. Sometimes it’s best to try to disinfect these relatively inaccessible places with a prescription antimicrobial rinse. Short-Term use of topical antibiotics, such as tetracycline or doxycycline, can also work in the affected areas.
If you experience loose teeth, we work to protect them from the daily stress of biting and chewing. This is even beneficial if you grind or clench your teeth. We carefully reshape small amounts of the tooth surface enamel affecting the way the teeth contact each other. This lessens the force and reduces their mobility. We can also join your teeth together with a small metal or plastic brace to provide additional support. Bite guards are available to wear when griding and clenching is most likely to occur.
Dental plaque is the main cause of periodontal disease. Therefore, it is necessary to remove it daily through regular brushing. We will show you the most effective brushing and flossing techniques, along with product recommendations, to help keep your mouth disease-free. Becoming an active participant in your own care ensures periodontal treatment success. If you are a smoker, we strongly suggest giving up the habit to help prevent further tooth complications.
Often, nonsurgical treatment is enough to control a periodontal infection, restore oral tissues and tighten loose teeth. Keeping up with daily oral hygiene routine along with regular checkups provide the best chance to remain disease-free.
When advanced gum disease (periodontitis) develops, your teeth are in danger. At this stage, the ligaments and bone tissue surrounding your teeth are decaying, resulting in tooth loss. If the disease isn’t addressed by non-surgical treatments like cleaning and scaling, then periodontal flap surgery is required.
Enjoy your favorite show on the flat-screen TV in your treatment room.
Your little ones can relax with games, toys, and activities!
Have a cup of freshly brewed coffee or a glass of water.
Cozy up with a warm blanket or comfortable pillow on request.
One major objective of flap surgery is to eliminate or reduce the pocket itself by making a flap-like incision in the gum tissue. This allows the removal of diseased tissue from inside the pocket, furthermore, providing access to the teeth’s root surfaces for a thorough cleaning. This helps to eliminate harmful plaque and calculus (tartar). We close the flap and finally seal the area. This begins the healing process, which takes place rapidly.
Another goal is to create regeneration of periodontal ligament and bone tissue lost to the disease. A variety of techniques accomplish this, including high-tech methods of bone grafting and chemicals growth factors. These approaches help restore the gums to their normal form and function and promote the healthy and secure anchoring of teeth.
We will sometimes do soft tissue grafts to treat gum disease or correct other abnormalities. The procedure involves taking gum tissue from the palate or another donor source to cover an exposed root in order to even the gum line and reduce sensitivity; an exposed tooth root causes severe pain due to extremes in temperatures, different kinds of food and liquids.
Finally, when the previous factors for gum disease are under control, a soft tissue graft procedure repairs the defect and helps prevent additional recession and bone loss.